ALMEIDA, M.G.S. previous Note on the canavieira property in Sergipe (century XIX). Annals of VIII the National Symposium of the University Professors of So Paulo History, 1976, p 483? 509. For Hdila Maria Alves Dos Santos Santana email: hedilamalves@ yahoo.com.br In the ends of century XVII, initiates it decay in the northeast sugar industry that was provoked by the production of the European colonies in the Antilhas and by the race to the gold of the Minas Gerais; Sergipe also participated of this activity exploring in the ground of Itabaiana or the ones of the river San Francisco the gold. In 1756, it had a reduction of the devices located in the coast of the Flag-ship, these devices were distributed by the hidrogrficas basins, associating the good ambient conditions and the agrarian production of cultivation. The difficulties of the Antilhanas colonies and the opening of the United States as market brought improvements for the price of the sugar and the impulse in its production. The adequacy of the ground for the bloom of the sugar cane in fluvial zones made possible the sugar production in Sergipe. In century XIX, the agricultural production of the region was: Vendia Itabaiana cereal and cotton; Lizard exported cattle, Vasa-Barrel and Piau if they occupied of the sugar farming, this development of on canavieira culture to the littoral zone facilitated the markets of the Bahia and the Europe that had been the main purchasers of these products. During century XIX, the first classification of the canavieiras regions was made, then in littoral the littoral Cinturo and sub the settling was initiated from the South, for the edges of the Real river, in the lands that had been earn of the savages with the power of the weapons. The povoamento of lands facilitated the creation of the village of Luzia Saint, in this area sugar devices had been constructed and the number of properties grew; in lands more moved away from the coast, it was the village of Lizard that if found in better conditions for the plantation of the sugar sugar cane, but this removal harmed the commercialization of sugar.